pgr_bipartite -Experimental

pgr_bipartite — If graph is bipartite then function returns the vertex id along with color (0 and 1) else it will return an empty set. In particular, the is_bipartite() algorithm implemented by Boost.Graph.

_images/boost-inside.jpeg

Boost Graph Inside

Advertencia

Possible server crash

  • These functions might create a server crash

Advertencia

Experimental functions

  • They are not officially of the current release.

  • They likely will not be officially be part of the next release:

    • The functions might not make use of ANY-INTEGER and ANY-NUMERICAL

    • Name might change.

    • Signature might change.

    • Functionality might change.

    • pgTap tests might be missing.

    • Might need c/c++ coding.

    • May lack documentation.

    • Documentation if any might need to be rewritten.

    • Documentation examples might need to be automatically generated.

    • Might need a lot of feedback from the comunity.

    • Might depend on a proposed function of pgRouting

    • Might depend on a deprecated function of pgRouting

Availability

  • Version 3.2.0

    • New experimental function

Support

  • Supported versions: current(3.2)

Description

A bipartite graph is a graph with two sets of vertices which are connected to each other, but not within themselves. A bipartite graph is possible if the graph coloring is possible using two colors such that vertices in a set are colored with the same color.

The main Characteristics are:

  • The algorithm works in undirected graph only.

  • The returned values are not ordered.

  • The algorithm checks graph is bipartite or not. If it is bipartite then it returns the node along with two colors 0 and 1 which represents two different sets.

  • If graph is not bipartite then algorithm returns empty set.

  • Running time: \(O(V + E)\)

Signatures

pgr_bipartite(Edges SQL) -- Experimental on v3.2

RETURNS SET OF (vertex_id, color_id)
OR EMPTY SET
Example

The pgr_bipartite algorithm with and edge_sql as a parameter when graph is bipartite:

SELECT * FROM pgr_bipartite(
    $$SELECT id,source,target,cost,reverse_cost FROM edge_table$$
);
 vertex_id | color_id
-----------+----------
         1 |        0
         2 |        1
         3 |        0
         4 |        1
         5 |        0
         6 |        1
         7 |        0
         8 |        1
         9 |        0
        10 |        1
        11 |        0
        12 |        1
        13 |        0
        14 |        0
        15 |        1
        16 |        0
        17 |        1
(17 rows)

Parameters

Parameter

Type

Description

Edges SQL

TEXT

Inner query as described below.

Inner query

Edges SQL

an SQL query of an undirected graph, which should return a set of rows with the following columns:

Column

Type

Default

Description

id

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the edge.

source

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge.

target

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge.

cost

ANY-NUMERICAL

  • When positive: edge (source, target) exist on the graph.

  • When negative: edge (source, target) does not exist on the graph.

reverse_cost

ANY-NUMERICAL

-1

  • When positive: edge (target, source) exist on the graph.

  • When negative: edge (target, source) does not exist on the graph.

Where:

ANY-INTEGER

SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT

ANY-NUMERICAL

SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT

Result Columns

Returns SET OF (vertex_id, color_id)

Column

Type

Description

vertex_id

BIGINT

Identifier of the vertex.

color_id

BIGINT

Identifier of the color of the vertex.

  • The minimum value of color is 1.

Additional Example

Example

The odd length cyclic graph can not be bipartite.

The following edge will make subgraph with vertices {1, 2, 5, 7, 8} an odd length cyclic graph.

INSERT INTO edge_table (source, target, cost, reverse_cost) VALUES
(1, 7, 1, 1);
INSERT 0 1

The new graph is not bipartite because it has a odd length cycle of 5 vertices. Edges in blue represent odd length cycle.

_images/bipartite.png
SELECT * FROM pgr_bipartite(
    $$SELECT id,source,target,cost,reverse_cost FROM edge_table$$
);
 vertex_id | color_id
-----------+----------
(0 rows)