pgr_edgeDisjointPaths

Synopsis

pgr_edgeDisjointPaths — Calculates edge disjoint paths between two groups of vertices.

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Boost Graph Inside

Availability: 2.3.0

Calculates the edge disjoint paths between two groups of vertices. Utilizes underlying maximum flow algorithms to calculate the paths.

Characteristics:

The main characterics are:
  • Calculates the edge disjoint paths between any two groups of vertices.
  • Returns EMPTY SET when source and destination are the same, or cannot be reached.
  • The graph can be directed or undirected.
  • One to many, many to one, many to many versions are also supported.
  • Uses pgr_boykovKolmogorov to calculate the paths.

Signature Summary

pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vid)
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vid [, directed])
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vids [, directed])
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vids, end_vid [, directed])
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vids, end_vids [, directed])

RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, [start_vid,] [end_vid,] node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET

Minimal use

pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vid)
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET

The minimal use is for a directed graph from one start_vid to one end_vid.

Example:
SELECT * FROM pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    3, 5
);
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   4 |       2 |        1 |    3 |    5 |    1 |        0
   5 |       2 |        2 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
   6 |       2 |        3 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(6 rows)

One to One

This signature finds the set of dijoint paths from one start_vid to one end_vid:
  • on a directed graph when directed flag is missing or is set to true.
  • on an undirected graph when directed flag is set to false.
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vid, directed)
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:
SELECT * FROM pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    3, 5,
    directed := false
);
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   4 |       2 |        1 |    3 |    3 |   -1 |        0
   5 |       2 |        2 |    4 |   16 |    1 |       -1
   6 |       2 |        3 |    9 |    9 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        4 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   9 |       3 |        1 |    3 |    5 |    1 |        0
  10 |       3 |        2 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        1
  11 |       3 |        3 |   11 |   12 |   -1 |        2
  12 |       3 |        4 |   10 |   10 |    1 |        1
  13 |       3 |        5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(13 rows)

One to Many

This signature finds the sset of disjoint paths from the start_vid to each one of the end_vid in end_vids:
  • on a directed graph when directed flag is missing or is set to true.
  • on an undirected graph when directed flag is set to false.
  • The result is equivalent to the union of the results of the one to one pgr_edgeDisjointPaths.
  • The extra end_vid in the result is used to distinguish to which path it belongs.
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vids, directed)
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, end_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:
SELECT * FROM pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    3, ARRAY[4, 5, 10]
);
 seq | path_id | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |       4 |    3 |    5 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |       4 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |       4 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |       4 |    4 |   -1 |    0 |        3
   5 |       2 |        1 |       5 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        0
   6 |       2 |        2 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        1
   7 |       2 |        3 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   8 |       3 |        1 |       5 |    3 |    5 |    1 |        0
   9 |       3 |        2 |       5 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
  10 |       3 |        3 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
  11 |       4 |        1 |      10 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        0
  12 |       4 |        2 |      10 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        1
  13 |       4 |        3 |      10 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        2
  14 |       4 |        4 |      10 |   10 |   -1 |    0 |        3
(14 rows)

Many to One

This signature finds the set of disjoint paths from each one of the start_vid in start_vids to the end_vid:
  • on a directed graph when directed flag is missing or is set to true.
  • on an undirected graph when directed flag is set to false.
  • The result is equivalent to the union of the results of the one to one pgr_edgeDisjointPaths.
  • The extra start_vid in the result is used to distinguish to which path it belongs.
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vids, end_vid, directed)
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, start_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:
SELECT * FROM pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[3, 6], 5
);
 seq | path_id | path_seq | start_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+-----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |         0 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |         0 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |         0 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   4 |       2 |        1 |         1 |    3 |    5 |    1 |        0
   5 |       2 |        2 |         1 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
   6 |       2 |        3 |         1 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   7 |       3 |        1 |         2 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        0
   8 |       3 |        2 |         2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   9 |       4 |        1 |         3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        0
  10 |       4 |        2 |         3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        1
  11 |       4 |        3 |         3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        2
  12 |       4 |        4 |         3 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        3
  13 |       4 |        5 |         3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        4
  14 |       4 |        6 |         3 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(14 rows)

Many to Many

This signature finds the set of disjoint paths from each one of the start_vid in start_vids to each one of the end_vid in end_vids:
  • on a directed graph when directed flag is missing or is set to true.
  • on an undirected graph when directed flag is set to false.
  • The result is equivalent to the union of the results of the one to one pgr_edgeDisjointPaths.
  • The extra start_vid and end_vid in the result is used to distinguish to which path it belongs.
pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(edges_sql, start_vids, end_vids, directed)
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, start_vid, end_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:
SELECT * FROM pgr_edgeDisjointPaths(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[3, 6], ARRAY[4, 5, 10]
);
 seq | path_id | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |         0 |       4 |    3 |    5 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |         0 |       4 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |         0 |       4 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |         0 |       4 |    4 |   -1 |    0 |        3
   5 |       2 |        1 |         1 |       5 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        0
   6 |       2 |        2 |         1 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        1
   7 |       2 |        3 |         1 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   8 |       3 |        1 |         2 |       5 |    3 |    5 |    1 |        0
   9 |       3 |        2 |         2 |       5 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
  10 |       3 |        3 |         2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
  11 |       4 |        1 |         3 |      10 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        0
  12 |       4 |        2 |         3 |      10 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        1
  13 |       4 |        3 |         3 |      10 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        2
  14 |       4 |        4 |         3 |      10 |   10 |   -1 |    0 |        3
  15 |       5 |        1 |         4 |       4 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        0
  16 |       5 |        2 |         4 |       4 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        1
  17 |       5 |        3 |         4 |       4 |    4 |   -1 |    0 |        2
  18 |       6 |        1 |         5 |       5 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        0
  19 |       6 |        2 |         5 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
  20 |       7 |        1 |         6 |       5 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        0
  21 |       7 |        2 |         6 |       5 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        1
  22 |       7 |        3 |         6 |       5 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        2
  23 |       7 |        4 |         6 |       5 |    3 |    2 |    1 |        3
  24 |       7 |        5 |         6 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        4
  25 |       7 |        6 |         6 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        5
  26 |       8 |        1 |         7 |      10 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        0
  27 |       8 |        2 |         7 |      10 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  28 |       8 |        3 |         7 |      10 |   10 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(28 rows)

Parameters

Parameter Type Default Description
edges_sql TEXT   Inner SQL query as described bellow.
start_vid BIGINT   Identifier of the starting vertex of the path.
start_vids ARRAY[BIGINT]   Array of identifiers of starting vertices.
end_vid BIGINT   Identifier of the ending vertex of the path.
end_vids ARRAY[BIGINT]   Array of identifiers of ending vertices.
directed BOOLEAN true
  • When true Graph is considered Directed
  • When false the graph is considered as Undirected.

Inner query

edges_sql

edges_sql:an SQL query, which should return a set of rows with the following columns:
Column Type Default Description
id ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the edge.
source ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge.
target ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge.
cost ANY-NUMERICAL  

Weight of the edge (source, target)

  • When negative: edge (source, target) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.
reverse_cost ANY-NUMERICAL -1

Weight of the edge (target, source),

  • When negative: edge (target, source) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.

Where:

ANY-INTEGER:SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT
ANY-NUMERICAL:SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT

Return Columns

Returns set of (seq, path_id, path_seq [, start_vid] [, end_vid], node, edge, cost, agg_cost)

Column Type Description
seq INT Sequential value starting from 1.
path_id INT Path identifier. Has value 1 for the first of a path. Used when there are multiple paths for the same start_vid to end_vid combination.
path_seq INT Relative position in the path. Has value 1 for the beginning of a path.
start_vid BIGINT

Identifier of the starting vertex. Returned when multiple starting vetrices are in the query.

end_vid BIGINT

Identifier of the ending vertex. Returned when multiple ending vertices are in the query.

node BIGINT Identifier of the node in the path from start_vid to end_vid.
start_vid BIGINT Identifier of the starting vertex. Used when multiple starting vetrices are in the query.
end_vid BIGINT Identifier of the ending vertex. Used when multiple ending vertices are in the query.
node BIGINT Identifier of the node in the path from start_vid to end_vid.
edge BIGINT Identifier of the edge used to go from node to the next node in the path sequence. -1 for the last node of the path.
cost FLOAT Cost to traverse from node using edge to the next node in the path sequence.
agg_cost FLOAT Aggregate cost from start_v to node.

See Also

Indices and tables