# pgr_TSP¶

• pgr_TSP - Aproximation using metric algorithm.

Availability:

• Version 3.2.1

• Metric Algorithm from Boost library

• Simulated Annealing Algorithm no longer supported

• The Simulated Annealing Algorithm related parameters are ignored: max_processing_time, tries_per_temperature, max_changes_per_temperature, max_consecutive_non_changes, initial_temperature, final_temperature, cooling_factor, randomize

• Versión 2.3.0

• Cambio de firma

• Firma antigua ya no soportada

• Versión 2.0.0

• Función oficial

## Descripción¶

### Problem Definition¶

The travelling salesperson problem (TSP) asks the following question:

### General Characteristics¶

• This problem is an NP-hard optimization problem.

• Metric Algorithm is used

• Implementation generates solutions that are twice as long as the optimal tour in the worst case when:

• Graph is undirected

• Graph is fully connected

• Graph where traveling costs on edges obey the triangle inequality.

• On an undirected graph:

• The traveling costs are symmetric:

• Traveling costs from u to v are just as much as traveling from v to u

### Characteristics¶

• Can be Used with Cost Matrix - Categoría functions preferably with directed => false.

• With directed => false

• Will generate a graph that:

• is undirected

• is fully connected (As long as the graph has one component)

• all traveling costs on edges obey the triangle inequality.

• When start_vid = 0 OR end_vid = 0

• The solutions generated is garanteed to be twice as long as the optimal tour in the worst case

• When start_vid != 0 AND end_vid != 0 AND start_vid != end_vid

• It is not garanteed that the solution will be, in the worse case, twice as long as the optimal tour, due to the fact that end_vid is forced to be in a fixed position.

• With directed => true

• It is not garanteed that the solution will be, in the worse case, twice as long as the optimal tour

• Will generate a graph that:

• is directed

• is fully connected (As long as the graph has one component)

• some (or all) traveling costs on edges might not obey the triangle inequality.

• As an undirected graph is required, the directed graph is transformed as follows:

• edges (u, v) and (v, u) is considered to be the same edge (denoted (u, v)

• if agg_cost differs between one or more instances of edge (u, v)

• The minimum value of the agg_cost all instances of edge (u, v) is going to be considered as the agg_cost of edge (u, v)

• Some (or all) traveling costs on edges will still might not obey the triangle inequality.

• When the data is incomplete, but it is a connected graph, the missing values will be calculated with dijkstra algorithm.

## Firmas¶

Resumen

pgr_TSP(Matrix SQL, [start_id], [end_id])
RETURNS SETOF (seq, node, cost, agg_cost)


Example: Using pgr_dijkstraCostMatrix to generate the matrix information

• Line 5 Vertices 15 to 18 are not included because they are not connected.

 1SELECT * FROM pgr_TSP(
2  $$3 SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstraCostMatrix( 4 'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table', 5 (SELECT array_agg(id) FROM edge_table_vertices_pgr WHERE id < 14), 6 directed => false) 7$$);
8 seq | node | cost | agg_cost
9-----+------+------+----------
10   1 |    1 |    0 |        0
11   2 |    2 |    1 |        1
12   3 |    3 |    1 |        2
13   4 |    4 |    1 |        3
14   5 |    9 |    1 |        4
15   6 |   12 |    1 |        5
16   7 |    6 |    2 |        7
17   8 |    5 |    1 |        8
18   9 |    8 |    1 |        9
19  10 |    7 |    1 |       10
20  11 |   10 |    3 |       13
21  12 |   11 |    1 |       14
22  13 |   13 |    2 |       16
23  14 |    1 |    4 |       20
24(14 rows)
25


## Parámetros¶

Parámetro

Tipo

Descripción

Matrix SQL

TEXT

An SQL query, described in the Matrix SQL section.

start_vid

BIGINT

0

The first visiting vertex

• When 0 any vertex can become the first visiting vertex.

end_vid

BIGINT

0

Last visiting vertex before returning to start_vid.

• When 0 any vertex can become the last visiting vertex before returning to start_vid.

• When NOT 0 and start_vid = 0 then it is the first and last vertex

## Consulta interna¶

### Matrix SQL¶

Matrix SQL: una consulta SQL, que debe devolver un conjunto de filas con las siguientes columnas:

Columna

Tipo

Descripción

start_vid

ANY-INTEGER

end_vid

ANY-INTEGER

agg_cost

ANY-NUMERICAL

Costo para pasar de start_vid a end_vid

Devuelve el CONJUNTO DE (seq, node, cost, agg_cost)

Columna

Tipo

Descripción

seq

INTEGER

Secuencia de filas.

node

BIGINT

cost

FLOAT

Coste que se debe recorrer desde el nodo al siguiente nodo en la secuencia de ruta.

• 0 for the last row in the tour sequence.

agg_cost

FLOAT

Costo agregado del nodo en seq = 1 hacia el nodo actual.

• 0 for the first row in the tour sequence.

Ejemplo

Inicio en el vértice $$7$$

• Line 9 start_vid => 7

 1SELECT * FROM pgr_TSP(
2  $$3 SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstraCostMatrix( 4 'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table', 5 (SELECT array_agg(id) FROM edge_table_vertices_pgr WHERE id < 14), 6 directed => false 7 ) 8$$,
9  start_id => 7
10);
11 seq | node | cost | agg_cost
12-----+------+------+----------
13   1 |    7 |    0 |        0
14   2 |    8 |    1 |        1
15   3 |    5 |    1 |        2
16   4 |    2 |    1 |        3
17   5 |    1 |    1 |        4
18   6 |    3 |    2 |        6
19   7 |    4 |    1 |        7
20   8 |    9 |    1 |        8
21   9 |   12 |    1 |        9
22  10 |   11 |    1 |       10
23  11 |    6 |    1 |       11
24  12 |   10 |    2 |       13
25  13 |   13 |    1 |       14
26  14 |    7 |    4 |       18
27(14 rows)
28

Ejemplo

Using points of interest to generate an asymetric matrix.

To generate an asymmetric matrix:

• Line 5 The side information of pointsOfInterset is ignored by not including it in the query

• Line 7 Generating an asymetric matrix with directed => true

• $$min(agg\_cost(u, v), agg\_cost(v, u))$$ is going to be considered as the agg_cost

• The solution that can be larger than twice as long as the optimal tour because:

• Triangle inequality might not be satisfied.

• start_id != 0 AND end_id != 0

 1SELECT * FROM pgr_TSP(
2  $$3 SELECT * FROM pgr_withPointsCostMatrix( 4 'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table ORDER BY id', 5 'SELECT pid, edge_id, fraction from pointsOfInterest', 6 array[-1, 3, 5, 6, -6], 7 directed => true) 8$$,
9  start_id => 5,
10  end_id => 6
11);
12 seq | node | cost | agg_cost
13-----+------+------+----------
14   1 |    5 |    0 |        0
15   2 |   -6 |  0.3 |      0.3
16   3 |   -1 |  1.3 |      1.6
17   4 |    3 |  1.6 |      3.2
18   5 |    6 |    1 |      4.2
19   6 |    5 |    1 |      5.2
20(6 rows)
21

Ejemplo

Connected incomplete data

Using selected edges (2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 15) the matrix is not complete but it is connected

 1SELECT source AS start_vid, target AS end_vid, 1 AS agg_cost
2FROM edge_table WHERE id IN (2,4,5,8, 9, 15);
3 start_vid | end_vid | agg_cost
4-----------+---------+----------
5         2 |       3 |        1
6         2 |       5 |        1
7         3 |       6 |        1
8         5 |       6 |        1
9         6 |       9 |        1
10         9 |      12 |        1
11(6 rows)
12


Edge (5,12) does not exist on the initial data, but it is calculated internally.

 1SELECT * FROM pgr_TSP(
2  $$3 SELECT source AS start_vid, target AS end_vid, 1 AS agg_cost 4 FROM edge_table 5 WHERE id IN (2,4,5,8,9,15) 6$$);
7 seq | node | cost | agg_cost
8-----+------+------+----------
9   1 |    2 |    0 |        0
10   2 |    3 |    1 |        1
11   3 |    6 |    1 |        2
12   4 |   12 |    1 |        3
13   5 |    9 |    1 |        4
14   6 |    5 |    1 |        5
15   7 |    2 |    1 |        6
16(7 rows)
17


Las consultas utilizan la red Datos Muestra .

Índices y tablas