pgr_depthFirstSearch
 Proposed¶
pgr_depthFirstSearch
— Returns a depth first search traversal of the graph.
The graph can be directed or undirected.
Warning
Proposed functions for next mayor release.
They are not officially in the current release.
They will likely officially be part of the next mayor release:
The functions make use of ANYINTEGER and ANYNUMERICAL
Name might not change. (But still can)
Signature might not change. (But still can)
Functionality might not change. (But still can)
pgTap tests have being done. But might need more.
Documentation might need refinement.
Availability
Version 3.3.0
Promoted to proposed function
Version 3.2.0
New experimental signatures:
pgr_depthFirstSearch
(Single Vertex)pgr_depthFirstSearch
(Multiple Vertices)
Description¶
Depth First Search algorithm is a traversal algorithm which starts from a root vertex, goes as deep as possible, and backtracks once a vertex is reached with no adjacent vertices or with all visited adjacent vertices. The traversal continues until all the vertices reachable from the root vertex are visited.
The main Characteristics are:
The implementation works for both directed and undirected graphs.
Provides the Depth First Search traversal order from a root vertex or from a set of root vertices.
An optional nonnegative maximum depth parameter to limit the results up to a particular depth.
For optimization purposes, any duplicated values in the Root vids are ignored.
It does not produce the shortest path from a root vertex to a target vertex.
The aggregate cost of traversal is not guaranteed to be minimal.
The returned values are ordered in ascending order of start_vid.
Depth First Search Running time: \(O(E + V)\)
Signatures¶
Summary
[directed, max_depth]
(seq, depth, start_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
Single vertex¶
[directed, max_depth]
(seq, depth, start_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
 Example:
From root vertex \(6\) on a directed graph with edges in ascending order of
id
SELECT * FROM pgr_depthFirstSearch(
'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edges
ORDER BY id',
6);
seq  depth  start_vid  node  edge  cost  agg_cost
++++++
1  0  6  6  1  0  0
2  1  6  5  1  1  1
3  1  6  7  4  1  1
4  2  6  3  7  1  2
5  3  6  1  6  1  3
6  2  6  11  8  1  2
7  3  6  16  9  1  3
8  4  6  17  15  1  4
9  4  6  15  16  1  4
10  5  6  10  3  1  5
11  3  6  12  11  1  3
12  2  6  8  10  1  2
13  3  6  9  14  1  3
(13 rows)
Multiple vertices¶
[directed, max_depth]
(seq, depth, start_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
 Example:
From root vertices \(\{12, 6\}\) on an undirected graph with depth \(<= 2\) and edges in ascending order of
id
SELECT * FROM pgr_depthFirstSearch(
'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edges
ORDER BY id',
ARRAY[12, 6], directed => false, max_depth => 2);
seq  depth  start_vid  node  edge  cost  agg_cost
++++++
1  0  6  6  1  0  0
2  1  6  5  1  1  1
3  1  6  10  2  1  1
4  2  6  15  3  1  2
5  2  6  11  5  1  2
6  1  6  7  4  1  1
7  2  6  3  7  1  2
8  2  6  8  10  1  2
9  0  12  12  1  0  0
10  1  12  11  11  1  1
11  2  12  10  5  1  2
12  2  12  7  8  1  2
13  2  12  16  9  1  2
14  1  12  8  12  1  1
15  2  12  9  14  1  2
16  1  12  17  13  1  1
(16 rows)
Parameters¶
Parameter 
Type 
Description 


Edges SQL as described below. 

root vid 

Identifier of the root vertex of the tree.

root vids 

Array of identifiers of the root vertices.

Where:
 ANYINTEGER:
SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT
 ANYNUMERIC:
SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT, NUMERIC
Optional parameters¶
Column 
Type 
Default 
Description 





DFS optional parameters¶
Parameter 
Type 
Default 
Description 



\(9223372036854775807\) 
Upper limit of the depth of the tree.

Inner Queries¶
Edges SQL¶
Column 
Type 
Default 
Description 


ANYINTEGER 
Identifier of the edge. 


ANYINTEGER 
Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge. 


ANYINTEGER 
Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge. 


ANYNUMERICAL 
Weight of the edge ( 


ANYNUMERICAL 
1 
Weight of the edge (

Where:
 ANYINTEGER:
SMALLINT
,INTEGER
,BIGINT
 ANYNUMERICAL:
SMALLINT
,INTEGER
,BIGINT
,REAL
,FLOAT
Return columns¶
Returns SET OF (seq, depth, start_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
Parameter 
Type 
Description 



Sequential value starting from \(1\). 


Depth of the



Identifier of the root vertex. 


Identifier of 


Identifier of the



Cost to traverse 


Aggregate cost from 
Where:
 ANYINTEGER:
SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT
 ANYNUMERIC:
SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT, NUMERIC
Additional Examples¶
 Example:
Same as Single vertex but with edges in descending order of
id
.
SELECT * FROM pgr_depthFirstSearch(
'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edges
ORDER BY id DESC',
6);
seq  depth  start_vid  node  edge  cost  agg_cost
++++++
1  0  6  6  1  0  0
2  1  6  7  4  1  1
3  2  6  8  10  1  2
4  3  6  9  14  1  3
5  3  6  12  12  1  3
6  4  6  17  13  1  4
7  5  6  16  15  1  5
8  6  6  15  16  1  6
9  7  6  10  3  1  7
10  8  6  11  5  1  8
11  2  6  3  7  1  2
12  3  6  1  6  1  3
13  1  6  5  1  1  1
(13 rows)
The resulting traversal is different.
The left image shows the result with ascending order of ids and the right image shows with descending order of the edge identifiers.
See Also¶
Indices and tables