pgr_KSP

pgr_KSP — Returns the “K” shortest paths.

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Boost Graph Inside

Availability

  • Signature change on v2.1.0
  • New on v2.0.0

Description

The K shortest path routing algorithm based on Yen’s algorithm. “K” is the number of shortest paths desired.

Signatures

Summary

pgr_KSP(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vid, K [, directed] [, heap_paths])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost) or EMPTY SET

Using defaults

pgr_ksp(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vid, K);
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost) or EMPTY SET
Example:TBD

Complete Signature

pgr_KSP(edges_sql, start_vid, end_vid, K [, directed] [, heap_paths])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_id, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost) or EMPTY SET
Example:TBD

Parameters

Column Type Description
edges_sql TEXT SQL query as described above.
start_vid BIGINT Identifier of the starting vertex.
end_vid BIGINT Identifier of the ending vertex.
k INTEGER The desiered number of paths.
directed BOOLEAN (optional). When false the graph is considered as Undirected. Default is true which considers the graph as Directed.
heap_paths BOOLEAN (optional). When true returns all the paths stored in the process heap. Default is false which only returns k paths.

Roughly, if the shortest path has N edges, the heap will contain about than N * k paths for small value of k and k > 1.

Inner query

edges_sql:an SQL query, which should return a set of rows with the following columns:
Column Type Default Description
id ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the edge.
source ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge.
target ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge.
cost ANY-NUMERICAL  

Weight of the edge (source, target)

  • When negative: edge (source, target) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.
reverse_cost ANY-NUMERICAL -1

Weight of the edge (target, source),

  • When negative: edge (target, source) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.

Where:

ANY-INTEGER:SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT
ANY-NUMERICAL:SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT

Result Columns

Returns set of (seq, path_seq, path_id, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)

Column Type Description
seq INTEGER Sequential value starting from 1.
path_seq INTEGER Relative position in the path of node and edge. Has value 1 for the beginning of a path.
path_id BIGINT Path identifier. The ordering of the paths For two paths i, j if i < j then agg_cost(i) <= agg_cost(j).
node BIGINT Identifier of the node in the path.
edge BIGINT Identifier of the edge used to go from node to the next node in the path sequence. -1 for the last node of the route.
cost FLOAT Cost to traverse from node using edge to the next node in the path sequence.
agg_cost FLOAT Aggregate cost from start_vid to node.

Additional Examples

Example:To handle the one flag to choose signatures

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as directed and cost and reverse_cost columns are used

SELECT * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2,
      directed:=true
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(10 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(10 rows)

Example:For queries marked as directed with cost and reverse_cost columns

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as directed and cost and reverse_cost columns are used

SELECT * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(10 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, heap_paths:=true
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  11 |       3 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
  12 |       3 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  13 |       3 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
  14 |       3 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  15 |       3 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(15 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, true, true
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  11 |       3 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
  12 |       3 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  13 |       3 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
  14 |       3 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  15 |       3 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(15 rows)

Examples:For queries marked as undirected with cost and reverse_cost columns

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as undirected and cost and reverse_cost columns are used

SELECT * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, directed:=false
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    3 |    3 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    4 |   16 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(10 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, false, true
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    3 |    3 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    4 |   16 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  11 |       3 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
  12 |       3 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  13 |       3 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
  14 |       3 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  15 |       3 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  16 |       4 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
  17 |       4 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  18 |       4 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
  19 |       4 |        4 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        3
  20 |       4 |        5 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        4
  21 |       4 |        6 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        5
  22 |       4 |        7 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        6
(22 rows)

Example:For queries marked as directed with cost column

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as directed and only cost column is used

SELECT  * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 3, 2
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
(0 rows)

SELECT  * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(10 rows)

SELECT   * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, heap_paths:=true
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  11 |       3 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
  12 |       3 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  13 |       3 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
  14 |       3 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  15 |       3 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(15 rows)

SELECT  * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, true, true
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  11 |       3 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
  12 |       3 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  13 |       3 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
  14 |       3 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  15 |       3 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(15 rows)

Example:For queries marked as undirected with cost column

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as undirected and only cost column is used

SELECT  * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, directed:=false
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(10 rows)

SELECT  * FROM pgr_KSP(
     'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
      2, 12, 2, directed:=false, heap_paths:=true
   );
 seq | path_id | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+---------+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |       1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |       1 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |       1 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |       1 |        4 |    9 |   15 |    1 |        3
   5 |       1 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
   6 |       2 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   7 |       2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   8 |       2 |        3 |    6 |   11 |    1 |        2
   9 |       2 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  10 |       2 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  11 |       3 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
  12 |       3 |        2 |    5 |   10 |    1 |        1
  13 |       3 |        3 |   10 |   12 |    1 |        2
  14 |       3 |        4 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        3
  15 |       3 |        5 |   12 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(15 rows)