pgr_bdDijkstraCost

pgr_bdDijkstraCost — Returns the shortest path(s)’s cost using Bidirectional Dijkstra algorithm.

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Boost Graph Inside

Availability:

  • Version 3.2.0

    • New proposed function:

      • pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Combinations)

  • Version 3.0.0

    • Official function

  • Version 2.5.0

    • New proposed function

Description

The main characteristics are:

  • Process is done only on edges with positive costs.

  • Values are returned when there is a path.

  • When the starting vertex and ending vertex are the same, there is no path.

    • The agg_cost the non included values (v, v) is 0

  • When the starting vertex and ending vertex are the different and there is no path:

    • The agg_cost the non included values (u, v) is \(\infty\)

  • Running time (worse case scenario): \(O((V \log V + E))\)

  • For large graphs where there is a path bewtween the starting vertex and ending vertex:

    • It is expected to terminate faster than pgr_dijkstra

Signatures

Summary

pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vid,  to_vid  [, directed])
pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vid,  to_vids [, directed])
pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vids, to_vid  [, directed])
pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vids, to_vids [, directed])
pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, Combinations SQL [, directed]) -- Proposed on v3.2

RETURNS SET OF (start_vid, end_vid, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET

Using default

pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vid,  to_vid)
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example

From vertex \(2\) to vertex \(3\) on a directed graph

SELECT * FROM pgr_bdDijkstraCost(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3
);
 start_vid | end_vid | agg_cost
-----------+---------+----------
         2 |       3 |        5
(1 row)

One to One

pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vid,  to_vid  [, directed])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example

From vertex \(2\) to vertex \(3\) on an undirected graph

SELECT * FROM pgr_bdDijkstraCost(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3,
    false
);
 start_vid | end_vid | agg_cost
-----------+---------+----------
         2 |       3 |        1
(1 row)

One to Many

pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vid,  to_vids [, directed])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, end_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example

From vertex \(2\) to vertices \(\{3, 11\}\) on a directed graph

SELECT * FROM pgr_bdDijkstraCost(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3, 11]);
 start_vid | end_vid | agg_cost
-----------+---------+----------
         2 |       3 |        5
         2 |      11 |        3
(2 rows)

Many to One

pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, from_vids, to_vids [, directed])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, start_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example

From vertices \(\{2, 7\}\) to vertex \(3\) on a directed graph

SELECT * FROM pgr_bdDijkstraCost(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2, 7], 3);
 start_vid | end_vid | agg_cost
-----------+---------+----------
         2 |       3 |        5
         7 |       3 |        6
(2 rows)

Many to Many

pgr_bdDijkstraCost(Edges SQL, start_vids, end_vids [, directed])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, start_vid, end_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example

From vertices \(\{2, 7\}\) to vertices \(\{3, 11\}\) on a directed graph

SELECT * FROM pgr_bdDijkstraCost(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2, 7], ARRAY[3, 11]);
 start_vid | end_vid | agg_cost
-----------+---------+----------
         2 |       3 |        5
         2 |      11 |        3
         7 |       3 |        6
         7 |      11 |        4
(4 rows)

Combinations

pgr_bdDijkstra(Edges SQL, Combinations SQL [, directed])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, start_vid, end_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example

Using a combinations table on a directed graph.

SELECT * FROM pgr_bdDijkstraCost(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    'SELECT * FROM ( VALUES (2, 3), (7, 11) ) AS t(source, target)');
 start_vid | end_vid | agg_cost
-----------+---------+----------
         2 |       3 |        5
         7 |      11 |        4
(2 rows)

Parameters

Parameter

Type

Default

Description

Edges SQL

TEXT

Edges query as described below

Combinations SQL

TEXT

Combinations query as described below

start_vid

BIGINT

Identifier of the starting vertex of the path.

start_vids

ARRAY[BIGINT]

Array of identifiers of starting vertices.

end_vid

BIGINT

Identifier of the ending vertex of the path.

end_vids

ARRAY[BIGINT]

Array of identifiers of ending vertices.

directed

BOOLEAN

true

  • When true Graph is considered Directed

  • When false the graph is considered as Undirected.

Inner queries

Edges query

Column

Type

Default

Description

id

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the edge.

source

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge.

target

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge.

cost

ANY-NUMERICAL

Weight of the edge (source, target)

  • When negative: edge (source, target) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.

reverse_cost

ANY-NUMERICAL

-1

Weight of the edge (target, source),

  • When negative: edge (target, source) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.

Where:

ANY-INTEGER

SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT

ANY-NUMERICAL

SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT

Combinations query

Column

Type

Default

Description

source

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge.

target

ANY-INTEGER

Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge.

Where:

ANY-INTEGER

SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT

Result Columns

Returns SET OF (start_vid, end_vid, agg_cost)

Column

Type

Description

start_vid

BIGINT

Identifier of the starting vertex.

end_vid

BIGINT

Identifier of the ending vertex.

agg_cost

FLOAT

Aggregate cost from start_vid to end_vid.