pgr_dijkstra

pgr_dijkstra — Returns the shortest path(s) using Dijkstra algorithm. In particular, the Dijkstra algorithm implemented by Boost.Graph.

_images/boost-inside.jpeg

Boost Graph Inside

Availability

  • New on v2.1.0:
    • pgr_dijkstra(One to Many)
    • pgr_dijkstra(Many to One)
    • pgr_dijkstra(Many to Many)
  • Signature change on v2.1.0:
    • pgr_dijkstra(One to One)
  • New on v2.0.0:
    • pgr_dijkstra(One to One)

Description

Dijkstra’s algorithm, conceived by Dutch computer scientist Edsger Dijkstra in 1956. It is a graph search algorithm that solves the shortest path problem for a graph with non-negative edge path costs, producing a shortest path from a starting vertex (start_vid) to an ending vertex (end_vid). This implementation can be used with a directed graph and an undirected graph.

The main characteristics are:
  • Process is done only on edges with positive costs.
  • Values are returned when there is a path.
    • When the starting vertex and ending vertex are the same, there is no path.
      • The agg_cost the non included values (v, v) is 0
    • When the starting vertex and ending vertex are the different and there is no path:
      • The agg_cost the non included values (u, v) is \(\infty\)
  • For optimization purposes, any duplicated value in the start_vids or end_vids are ignored.
  • The returned values are ordered:
    • start_vid ascending
    • end_vid ascending
  • Running time: \(O(| start\_vids | * (V \log V + E))\)

Signatures

Summary

pgr_dijkstra(edges_sql, start_vid,  end_vid  [, directed])
pgr_dijkstra(edges_sql, start_vid,  end_vids [, directed])
pgr_dijkstra(edges_sql, start_vids, end_vid  [, directed])
pgr_dijkstra(edges_sql, start_vids, end_vids [, directed])
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq [, start_vid] [, end_vid], node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET

Using defaults

pgr_dijkstra(TEXT edges_sql, BIGINT start_vid, BIGINT end_vid)
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost) or EMPTY SET
Example:From vertex \(2\) to vertex \(3\) on a directed graph
SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

One to One

pgr_dijkstra(TEXT edges_sql, BIGINT start_vid, BIGINT end_vid,
BOOLEAN directed:=true);
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:From vertex \(2\) to vertex \(3\) on an undirected graph
SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

One to many

pgr_dijkstra(TEXT edges_sql, BIGINT start_vid, ARRAY[ANY_INTEGER] end_vids,
BOOLEAN directed:=true);
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, end_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:From vertex \(2\) to vertices \(\{3, 5\}\) on an undirected graph
SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3,5],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |       3 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        3
   5 |        1 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   6 |        2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(6 rows)

Many to One

pgr_dijkstra(TEXT edges_sql, ARRAY[ANY_INTEGER] start_vids, BIGINT end_vid,
    BOOLEAN directed:=true);
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, start_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:From vertices \(\{2, 11\}\) to vertex \(5\) on a directed graph
SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2,11], 5
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   3 |        1 |        11 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        0
   4 |        2 |        11 |   12 |   15 |    1 |        1
   5 |        3 |        11 |    9 |    9 |    1 |        2
   6 |        4 |        11 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        3
   7 |        5 |        11 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(7 rows)

Many to Many

pgr_dijkstra(TEXT edges_sql, ARRAY[ANY_INTEGER] start_vids, ARRAY[ANY_INTEGER] end_vids,
    BOOLEAN directed:=true);
RETURNS SET OF (seq, path_seq, start_vid, end_vid, node, edge, cost, agg_cost)
OR EMPTY SET
Example:From vertices \(\{2, 11\}\) to vertices \(\{3, 5\}\) on an undirected graph
SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2,11], ARRAY[3,5],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       3 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   3 |        1 |         2 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   4 |        2 |         2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   5 |        1 |        11 |       3 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   6 |        2 |        11 |       3 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        1
   7 |        3 |        11 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   8 |        1 |        11 |       5 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   9 |        2 |        11 |       5 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
  10 |        3 |        11 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(10 rows)

Parameters

Parameter Type Default Description
edges_sql TEXT   Inner SQL query as described bellow.
start_vid BIGINT   Identifier of the starting vertex of the path.
start_vids ARRAY[BIGINT]   Array of identifiers of starting vertices.
end_vid BIGINT   Identifier of the ending vertex of the path.
end_vids ARRAY[BIGINT]   Array of identifiers of ending vertices.
directed BOOLEAN true
  • When true Graph is considered Directed
  • When false the graph is considered as Undirected.

Inner query

edges_sql:an SQL query, which should return a set of rows with the following columns:
Column Type Default Description
id ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the edge.
source ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge.
target ANY-INTEGER   Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge.
cost ANY-NUMERICAL  

Weight of the edge (source, target)

  • When negative: edge (source, target) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.
reverse_cost ANY-NUMERICAL -1

Weight of the edge (target, source),

  • When negative: edge (target, source) does not exist, therefore it’s not part of the graph.

Where:

ANY-INTEGER:SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT
ANY-NUMERICAL:SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT

Return Columns

Returns set of (seq, path_id, path_seq [, start_vid] [, end_vid], node, edge, cost, agg_cost)

Column Type Description
seq INT Sequential value starting from 1.
path_id INT Path identifier. Has value 1 for the first of a path. Used when there are multiple paths for the same start_vid to end_vid combination.
path_seq INT Relative position in the path. Has value 1 for the beginning of a path.
start_vid BIGINT

Identifier of the starting vertex. Returned when multiple starting vetrices are in the query.

end_vid BIGINT

Identifier of the ending vertex. Returned when multiple ending vertices are in the query.

node BIGINT Identifier of the node in the path from start_vid to end_vid.
start_vid BIGINT Identifier of the starting vertex. Used when multiple starting vetrices are in the query.
end_vid BIGINT Identifier of the ending vertex. Used when multiple ending vertices are in the query.
node BIGINT Identifier of the node in the path from start_vid to end_vid.
edge BIGINT Identifier of the edge used to go from node to the next node in the path sequence. -1 for the last node of the path.
cost FLOAT Cost to traverse from node using edge to the next node in the path sequence.
agg_cost FLOAT Aggregate cost from start_v to node.

Additional Examples

The examples of this section are based on the Sample Data network.

The examples include combinations from starting vertices 2 and 11 to ending vertices 3 and 5 in a directed and undirected graph with and with out reverse_cost.

Examples:For queries marked as directed with cost and reverse_cost columns

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as directed and cost and reverse_cost columns are used

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 5
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3,5]
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |       3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |       3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |       3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
   7 |        1 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   8 |        2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(8 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 3
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |   12 |   15 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(5 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 5
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |   12 |   15 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    9 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(5 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2,11], 5
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   3 |        1 |        11 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        0
   4 |        2 |        11 |   12 |   15 |    1 |        1
   5 |        3 |        11 |    9 |    9 |    1 |        2
   6 |        4 |        11 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        3
   7 |        5 |        11 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(7 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2, 11], ARRAY[3,5]
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |         2 |       3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |         2 |       3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |         2 |       3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |         2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
   7 |        1 |         2 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   8 |        2 |         2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   9 |        1 |        11 |       3 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        0
  10 |        2 |        11 |       3 |   12 |   15 |    1 |        1
  11 |        3 |        11 |       3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        2
  12 |        4 |        11 |       3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        3
  13 |        5 |        11 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        4
  14 |        1 |        11 |       5 |   11 |   13 |    1 |        0
  15 |        2 |        11 |       5 |   12 |   15 |    1 |        1
  16 |        3 |        11 |       5 |    9 |    9 |    1 |        2
  17 |        4 |        11 |       5 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        3
  18 |        5 |        11 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        4
(18 rows)

Examples:For queries marked as undirected with cost and reverse_cost columns

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as undirected and cost and reverse_cost columns are used

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 5,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 3,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(3 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 5,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(3 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2,11], 5,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   3 |        1 |        11 |   11 |   12 |    1 |        0
   4 |        2 |        11 |   10 |   10 |    1 |        1
   5 |        3 |        11 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(5 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3,5],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       3 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   3 |        1 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   4 |        2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(4 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2, 11], ARRAY[3,5],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       3 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   3 |        1 |         2 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   4 |        2 |         2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   5 |        1 |        11 |       3 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   6 |        2 |        11 |       3 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        1
   7 |        3 |        11 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        2
   8 |        1 |        11 |       5 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   9 |        2 |        11 |       5 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
  10 |        3 |        11 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(10 rows)

Examples:For queries marked as directed with cost column

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as directed and only cost column is used

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
(0 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 5
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 3
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
(0 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 5
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
(0 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2,11], 5
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3,5]
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2, 11], ARRAY[3,5]
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

Examples:For queries marked as undirected with cost column

The examples in this section use the following Network for queries marked as undirected and only cost column is used

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        3
(4 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 5,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 3,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(3 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    11, 5,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(3 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2,11], 5,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   3 |        1 |        11 |   11 |   12 |    1 |        0
   4 |        2 |        11 |   10 |   10 |    1 |        1
   5 |        3 |        11 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(5 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3,5],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |       3 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        3
   5 |        1 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   6 |        2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(6 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2, 11], ARRAY[3,5],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |         2 |       3 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |         2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        3
   5 |        1 |         2 |       5 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   6 |        2 |         2 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        1
   7 |        1 |        11 |       3 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
   8 |        2 |        11 |       3 |    6 |    5 |    1 |        1
   9 |        3 |        11 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        2
  10 |        1 |        11 |       5 |   11 |   11 |    1 |        0
  11 |        2 |        11 |       5 |    6 |    8 |    1 |        1
  12 |        3 |        11 |       5 |    5 |   -1 |    0 |        2
(12 rows)

Equvalences between signatures

Examples:For queries marked as directed with cost and reverse_cost columns

The examples in this section use the following:

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3,
    TRUE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2,3
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3],
    TRUE
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |       3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |       3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |       3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3]
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |       3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |       3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |       3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2], ARRAY[3],
    TRUE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |         2 |       3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |         2 |       3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |         2 |       3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |         2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2], ARRAY[3]
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       3 |    2 |    4 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       3 |    5 |    8 |    1 |        1
   3 |        3 |         2 |       3 |    6 |    9 |    1 |        2
   4 |        4 |         2 |       3 |    9 |   16 |    1 |        3
   5 |        5 |         2 |       3 |    4 |    3 |    1 |        4
   6 |        6 |         2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        5
(6 rows)

Examples:For queries marked as undirected with cost and reverse_cost columns

The examples in this section use the following:

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, 3,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    2, ARRAY[3],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |       3 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2], 3,
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

SELECT * FROM pgr_dijkstra(
    'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table',
    ARRAY[2], ARRAY[3],
    FALSE
);
 seq | path_seq | start_vid | end_vid | node | edge | cost | agg_cost
-----+----------+-----------+---------+------+------+------+----------
   1 |        1 |         2 |       3 |    2 |    2 |    1 |        0
   2 |        2 |         2 |       3 |    3 |   -1 |    0 |        1
(2 rows)

See Also

Indices and tables